PoomseIn Tae Kwon Do the term "Poomse" means "Form". These forms are a self-practice devised to use Tae Kwon Do techniques of the hands and feet and to follow the lines of movement in a systematic and consecutive way against an imaginary opponent or opponents.

Through practicing Tae Kwon Do Poomse, we can apply hand and foot techniques and the changes of stance learned from the basic techniques and adapt them to actual fighting. Poomse also provides us with improved flexibility and skill in controlling strength, balance, breathing, focus, and concentration as well as cultivating martial arts spirit through mental discipline. A Tae Kwon Do Poomse consists of about two dozen interconnected stances. Each Poomse is comprised of various stances each with its own particular nature, but the stances are also blended in and move from one into the next. Blocking, punching, stretching, thrusting, and kicking are all within Tae Kwon Do Poomse; and these are properly carried with hands, fists, and feet to vital spots on the body or targets at which they are aimed. The stances accordingly change between walking stance, forward stance, back stance, cat stance, and horse-riding stance. Practitioners learn the Poomse system step by step from simple and easy ones to more complex and difficult ones.


Gyroogi"Gyroogi" is the actual sparring of an opponent, applying offensive and defensive techniques that one has learned through Poomse. Within Gyroogi, there is one-step sparring where two people practice in a predetermined systematic form. Also, there is free sparring where students practice with other students without predetermined forms.

Tae Kwon Do Competition

Tae Kwon Do Competition

Tae Kwon Do competition is conducted between two practitioners labeled "Chung (blue)" and "Hong (red)". There are set rules to the competition and a referee is present to prevent serious harm to either combatant and to score the match. Only kicking and punching techniques are allowed during competition, and the front part of the body is the only area allowed to be attacked. Also, only kicks are allowed to the face. Hits below the belt line are forbidden. All vulnerable areas are protected by specially designed protective gear like headgear, trunk or torso protectors, groin guards, and forearm and shin guards. This equipment helps combatants avoid any significant injuries during competition.


Kyukpa“Kyukpa" is the self-measuring technique that measures one’s precision of Tae Kwon Do training. Because the offensive techniques of Tae Kwon Do can be fatal to the human body, practitioners use inanimate objects to demonstrate the accuracy of these techniques. Competitors use the skills of concentration and strength focus, taught by a qualified Tae Kwon Do instructor, to break solid objects like wooden boards and bricks. Kyukpa is not taught to beginners, but only to Hish Gup, or Black Belt holders.